Decoded Slug: ~がらないで (〜ga ranai de)

Japanese JLPT Grammar Point
~がらないで (〜ga ranai de)

~がらないで (〜ga ranai de)

Short explanation:

Express 'without doing ~' or 'without ~ing'.


Verb-ない-form + で


Awanai de sono denwa wo kakemashita.
I made the phone call without meeting them.
Ame ga furu no wo matanai de, ie wo demashita.
I left the house without waiting for it to rain.
Dare ni mo kikanai de, sono himitsu wo shirimashita.
I found out the secret without asking anyone.
Okureru koto wo shiranai de, eki ni mukaimashita.
I headed to the station without knowing I was late.

Long explanation:

The ~がらないで grammar point is used to express the idea of 'without doing something' or 'without ~ing' in English. It is formed by attaching the ない-form of the verb stem and adding で (de) to the end of the verb. This is used for expressing when an action is not taken or avoided, without creating a negative impact on the main action.

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