Decoded Slug: ~しかない (〜shika nai)

Japanese JLPT Grammar Point
~しかない (〜shika nai)

~しかない (〜shika nai)

Short explanation:

Express the idea of 'only', 'no other option but', 'nothing else but'.


Verb-casual + しかない, い-Adjective + しかない, な-Adjective + しかない, Noun + しかない


Kono mondai wo kaiketsu suru houhou wa hitotsu shika nai.
There is only one way to solve this problem.
Kare ga dete ittara, naku shika nai.
If he leaves, there's nothing else to do but cry.
Kanojo ni wa ato ichigatsu shika nai.
She has only one month left.
Boku ni wa kimi wo shinjiru shika nai.
I have no choice but to trust you.

Long explanation:

The ~しかない grammar point is used to emphasize that there are no other options or possibilities, and the subject must follow a specified action or state. It can be translated as 'only', 'no other option but', or 'nothing else but' in English. The formation differs depending on whether it is used with a verb, い-adjective, な-adjective, or noun.

Ace your Japanese JLPT N5-N1 preparation.


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