Your journey to Japanese fluency (JLPT N5-N1).

Decoded Slug: ~つまり (〜tsumari)

Japanese JLPT Grammar Point
~つまり (〜tsumari)

~つまり (〜tsumari)

Short explanation:

Used for summarizing, restating, or clarifying a point; means 'in other words', 'that is to say', 'in short'.


Sentence + つまり + Explanation


Kare wa daigaku no kyouju desu. Tsumari, senmonka desu.
He is a university professor. In other words, he is an expert.
Kyou wa doyoubi da. Tsumari, ashita wa nichiyoubi da.
Today is Saturday. That is to say, tomorrow is Sunday.
Yamada-san wa watashi no tomodachi no oneesan desu. Tsumari, watashitachi no shiriai desu.
Ms. Yamada is my friend's older sister. In short, she is our acquaintance.
Kanojo wa Furansu shusshin desu. Tsumari, eigo igai ni Furansugo mo hanasemasu.
She is from France. In other words, she can speak French in addition to English.

Long explanation:

The ~つまり grammar point is used to summarize, restate or clarify a point that has been previously mentioned. It can be translated as 'in other words', 'that is to say', or 'in short' in English.

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