Your journey to Japanese fluency (JLPT N5-N1).

Decoded Slug: Verb ずとも (〜zu tomo)

Japanese JLPT Grammar Point
Verb ずとも (〜zu tomo)

Verb ずとも (〜zu tomo)

Short explanation:

This structure is used to mean 'Even without doing (an action), (an action) is still achievable'.


Verb-negative stem + ずとも


Asagohan wo tabezu tomo, hataraku koto ga dekimasu.
Even without eating breakfast, I can work.
Kuruma ga nakutomo, basu de iku koto ga dekimasu.
Even without a car, you can go by bus.
Okane ga nakutomo, shiawase ni nareru.
Even without money, one can be happy.
Inta-netto ga nakutomo, jouhou wo eru houhou wa ikutsu ka arimasu.
Even without the internet, there are several ways to obtain information.

Long explanation:

The ~ずとも grammar point is used to express that even if something isn't done or doesn't happen, a desired result can still be achieved. It conveys the meaning 'even without' in English. Specifically, it is formed by attaching ずとも to the negative stem of the verb.

Ace your Japanese JLPT N5-N1 preparation.


Public Alpha version. This site is currently undergoing active development. You may encounter occasional bugs, inconsistencies, or limited functionality. You can support the development by buying us a coffee.

Copyright 2023 @ zen-lingo.com