Decoded Slug: Verb ために (tame ni)

Japanese JLPT Grammar Point
Verb ために (tame ni)

Verb ために (tame ni)

Short explanation:

Used to describe the purpose or reason for an action; 'for the sake of', 'in order to', 'because of'.


Verb-ます stem + ために, い-Adjective + ために, な-Adjective + なために, Noun + のために


Shiken ni goukaku suru tame ni, mainichi benkyou shiteimasu.
I study every day in order to pass the exam.
Kenkou no tame ni, mainichi undou shinakereba narimasen.
For the sake of health, I must exercise daily.
Shigoto ga isogashii tame ni, tomodachi to au jikan ga arimasen.
Because my work is busy, I don't have time to meet friends.
Ame ga futta tame ni, shiai ga chuushi saremashita.
The game was canceled because of the rain.

Long explanation:

The ために (tame ni) grammar point is used to express either the purpose of doing something, in which case it translates to 'for the sake of' or 'in order to', or the cause or reason for a situation, in which case it translates to 'because of'. To form it, simply attach ために to the verb, adjective, or noun that describes the purpose or reason.

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