Your journey to Japanese fluency (JLPT N5-N1).

Decoded Slug: Verb て ある (Verb-te aru)

Japanese JLPT Grammar Point
Verb て ある (Verb-te aru)

Verb て ある (Verb-te aru)

Short explanation:

Indicates that an action has been done and its result is still in effect.


Verb-て form + ある


Mado ga akete aru.
The window has been opened (and remains open).
Shukudai ga mou owatte aru.
The homework has already been done (and remains that way).
Sentaku ga zenbu hoshte aru.
The laundry has been hung up to dry (and remains that way).
Kono heya wa kirei ni souji shite aru.
This room has been cleaned (and remains clean).

Long explanation:

The ~てある grammar point is used to express that an action has been done and its result remains in effect. It indicates that the action was intentionally performed and its effect continues. The formation is done by conjugating the verb into its て-form and then adding ある.

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