Your journey to Japanese fluency (JLPT N5-N1).

Decoded Slug: Verb てしまう (〜te shimau)

Japanese JLPT Grammar Point
Verb てしまう (〜te shimau)

Verb てしまう (〜te shimau)

Short explanation:

Expresses unintentional actions or actions with regrettable outcomes; 'to end up doing', 'to accidentally do'.


Verb-te form + しまう


Keeki wo zenbu tabete shimatta.
I ended up eating the whole cake.
Shukudai wo wasurete shimaimashita.
I accidentally forgot my homework.
Kare ni himitsu wo itte shimatta.
I accidentally told him the secret.
Nefuda wo mizu ni takai fuku wo katte shimatta.
I ended up buying expensive clothes without looking at the price tag.

Long explanation:

The ~てしまう grammar point is used to indicate unintentional actions or actions with regrettable outcomes. It can often be translated as 'to end up doing' or 'to accidentally do' in English. The formation requires adding しまう to the て-form of a verb.

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