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to organize, to form
Kaisha wa atarashii busho o soshiki suru koto o keikaku shiteimasu.
The company is planning to organize a new department.
Supo-tsu taikai o soshiki suru tame no junbi o susumeteiru.
We are working on preparations to organize a sports event.
to spread, to diffuse
Sumaato fon wa kinnen kyuusoku ni fukyuu shiteiru
Smartphones have rapidly spread in recent years.
Kono chiiki de wa, taiyōkō hatsuden no riyou ga fukyū shiteimasu
In this area, the use of solar power generation is widespread.
to trust, to believe, to place confidence in
Kare wa watashi no iu koto o nani mo shinyou shinakatta
He didn't trust anything I said.
Kono jōhōgen wa shinyou suru ni ataimasu ka?
Is this source worth trusting?
to hold a trial
Kare wa hanzai de saiban sareru koto ni natta
He was to be tried for the crime.
Kanojo wa kaisha o saiban suru koto o ketsui shita
She decided to sue the company.
to reduce, to cut, to curtail
Kaisha wa keihi o shukushou suru koto o kettei shita
The company decided to reduce expenses.
Purojekuto no kibo wa shukushou suru koto ni natta
The scale of the project ended up being reduced.
to concede, to give way to
Kanojo to gironchuu, watashi wa ikutsu ka no ten de johosuru koto ni shimashita
While discussing with her, I decided to compromise on some points.
Koushou no kekka, souhou ga tagai ni johosuru koto de goui ni tasshita
As a result of the negotiation, both sides reached an agreement by compromising with each other.
to consider, to think over
Kare no iken mo juubun ni kouryo suru hitsuyou ga aru.
We need to fully consider his opinion as well.
Sono keikaku o tateru sai, kankyou e no eikyou mo kouryo suru beki da.
When making that plan, we should also consider the impact on the environment.
to revise, to amend, to improve
Houritsu o kaisei suru hitsuyousei ga aru.
There is a need to amend the law.
Kiji no ayamari o shiteki sare, kaisei suru koto ni shimashita.
I decided to revise the article after being pointed out its errors.
Kono kusuri no kouka o tashikameru tame ni, jikken o shite mimashou.
Let's experiment to confirm the efficacy of this medicine.
Watashitachi wa atarashii sozai o tsukatte, jikken o okonaimashita.
We conducted an experiment using a new material.
to have no hope, to be in despair
Shitsugyou shite subete ga umaku ikanai tame, kare wa zetsubou shite ita.
He was in despair because everything was not going well after losing his job.
Kanojo wa shiken ni ochite zetsubou shite ita.
She was in despair after failing the exam.
to own, to posess
Ano ie wa kare ga shoyuu shiteimasu.
He owns that house.
Kono kaisha wa, kabu o 90 pāsento shoyuu shiteimasu.
This company owns 90% of the stocks.
to concentrate, to centralize
Shiken no mae ni wa, benkyou ni shuuchuu suru koto ga juuyou da.
It is important to concentrate on studying before the exam.
Shigoto o kouritsu yoku susumeru tame ni, tasku ni shuuchuu suru koto ga taisetsu desu.
To promote work efficiently, it is important to concentrate on tasks.
Heya o souji suru no wa maishuu no doyoubi ni shimasu
I clean the room every Saturday.
Isshuukan ni ichido, ie zentai o souji suru koto o osusume shimasu
I recommend cleaning the whole house once a week.
to belong to
Kare wa gakusei no toki, toshokan ni shozoku shite imashita.
When he was a student, he belonged to the library club.
Kanojo wa kokusaiteki na NGO ni shozoku shiteimasu.
She belongs to an international NGO.
to open a place to the public
Kono kouen wa asa kara yuugata made kaihousareteimasu
This park is open from morning to evening.
Toshokan wa shuumatsu ni mo kaihou shiteimasu
The library is also open on weekends.
to go and return
Shigoto no tame, mainichi eki made oufuku shiteiru.
I go back and forth to the station every day for work.
Shucchou no sai, shinkansen de Toukyou to Oosaka o oufuku shita.
I went back and forth between Tokyo and Osaka on the Shinkansen during my business trip.
to study, to train, to intern
Shain ga shinnyuu shain toshite, isshuukan no kenshuu o ukemasu.
As a new employee, staff will receive a one-week training.
Kangoshi ni naru mae ni, ni-kagetsukan no kenshuu o shinakereba naranai.
Before becoming a nurse, we have to do a two-month training.
to apply, to put into practice
Kono riron wa jissai no mondai ni ouyou suru koto ga dekimasu
This theory can be applied to practical problems.
Eigo o mananda chishiki o jisseikatsu de ouyou suru koto ga juuyou desu
It is important to apply the English knowledge you have learned in real life.
to argue, to discuss, to debate
Mina de kono mondai ni tsuite giron shimashou
Let's discuss this issue together.
Giron suru mae ni, jijitsu o haaku shimashou
Before discussing, let's grasp the facts.
to make an effort, to work hard
Kare wa shiken ni goukaku suru tame ni mainichi doryoku shite iru.
He is making an effort every day to pass the exam.
Yakyuubu de katsuyaku suru tame ni, kare wa renshuu ni doryoku shiteimasu.
He is putting effort into practice to excel in the baseball club.
to influence, to affect
Eiga ga kare no jinsei ni ooki na eikyou o ataeta
The movie had a great influence on his life.
Akutenkou ga hikouki no unkou ni eikyou suru koto ga arimasu
Bad weather can affect the operation of airplanes.
to compensate, to repay for loss
Kare wa kowashita mado o benshou suru hitsuyou ga aru.
He needs to compensate for the broken window.
Sono sonshitsu ni taishite wa, kaisha ga benshou shinakereba naranai.
The company must compensate for the loss.
to expect, to hope
Kanojo wa kare no seikou o kitai shite iru
She is expecting him to succeed.
Oya wa kodomo-tachi ni ookina kitai o yosete iru
Parents have great expectations for their children.
to compensate, to make up for
Okureta jikan o hoshou suru tame ni, tsuika no shigoto o shimashita
To compensate for the lost time, I did additional work.
Kare wa jibun no misu o hoshou suru sekinin o kanjiteimasu
He feels responsible for compensating for his mistakes.
to show a film
Sono eiga wa raishuu kara eigakan de jouei sareru.
The movie will be screened at the cinema from next week.
Kare wa jibun no eiga o jimoto no eigakan de jouei shitai to omotteimasu.
He wants to screen his film at a local cinema.
to be troubled, to be annoyed
Kare no chikoku wa watashitachi zen'in ni meiwaku suru.
His lateness causes inconvenience to all of us.
Sono kouji wa kinjo no hitobito ni meiwaku suru.
The construction causes trouble for the people in the neighborhood.
Kaisha doushi de kyousou suru no wa shizen na koto da.
It's natural for companies to compete with each other.
Ichiba de kyousou suru tame ni wa, dokuji no shouhin wo kaihatsu shinakereba naranai.
To compete in the market, you need to develop unique products.
to carry out, to execute
Kare wa keikaku o jikkou suru tame ni sassoku ugoki hajimeta.
He started moving immediately to execute the plan.
Konpyuuta no puroguramu o jikkou suru ni wa, jikkou botan o oshimasu.
To execute a computer program, press the execute button.
to agree, to approve
Kare no iken ni douisuru hito ga ookatta
Many people agreed with his opinion.
Watashi wa kare no teian ni douisuru shika nakatta
I had no choice but to agree with his proposal.
Kareshi ni hajimete kisu shita no wa, yoru no umibe deshita.
The first time I kissed my boyfriend was at the seaside at night.
Hiruma ni kouen de kappuru ga kisu shiteiru no o mikakemashita.
I saw a couple kissing in the park during the day.
to revive, to restore
Ani ga byouki kara fukkatsu suru no o matteita
I was waiting for my brother to recover from his illness.
Ittan kieta densetsu no hiiroo ga fukkatsu suru kamoshirenai
The legendary hero who once disappeared may come back to life.
Kyoujuu ni sono shorui o fakkusu shite kudasai
Please fax the document within today.
Juuyou na jouhou wa, fakkusu de okuranakereba narimasen
Important information must be sent by fax.
to economize, to skimp, to save
Denki ryoukin o setsuyaku suru tame ni, denki o tsukawanai koto ni chuui shimashou.
To save on electricity bills, pay attention to not using electricity unnecessarily.
Shokuzai o muda ni shinai youni, jouzu ni setsuyaku suru houhou o manabimashou.
Let's learn effective ways to save and not waste food ingredients.
to rescue, to help
Oborete iru hito o kyuujo suru koto ga dekita
I was able to rescue the drowning person.
Kyuujotai wa hisaisha o kyuujo suru tame ni isoide ita
The rescue team was hurrying to rescue the disaster victims.
to compel, to force a person to do
Kanojo wa watashi ni iken o kyousei suru koto ga ooi.
She often forces her opinions on me.
Kodomo-tachi ni benkyou o kyousei suru no wa yoku nai houhou desu.
Forcing children to study is not a good method.
to refrain, to hold back
Konkai no paatii wa enryo suru tsumori desu
I plan to refrain from attending this party.
Osake o nomu toki wa, unten o enryo shite kudasai
Please refrain from driving when drinking alcohol.
to prevent, to protect
Kaze o yobou suru tame ni, tearai ya ugai o shikkari shimashou
To prevent catching a cold, make sure to wash your hands and gargle thoroughly.
Necchūshō o yobou suru ni wa, suibun hokyū ga taisetsu desu
Hydration is important for preventing heatstroke.
to settle, to resolve
Kono mondai o hayaku kaiketsu shinakereba narimasen
We have to solve this problem quickly.
Karera wa sono tairitsu o hanashiai de kaiketsu shiyou to shiteimasu
They are trying to resolve the conflict through discussion.
to examine, to investigate, to think over
Kongo no keikaku ni tsuite kentou suru hitsuyou ga aru.
We need to consider the plans for the future.
Kono mondai ni taisuru kaiketsusaku o kentou shimashou.
Let's consider solutions for this problem.
to consume, to extend
Setsuyaku no tame ni, denki o muda ni shouhi shinai you ni shite kudasai
In order to save money, please try not to waste electricity by consuming it unnecessarily.
Hitorigurashi o hajimete kara, shokuryouhin o dorekurai shouhi suru ka keisan shinakereba naranai
Since I started living alone, I have to calculate how much food I consume.
to abolish, to do away with, to repeal
Tetsudou no un'kou ga haishi sareru koto ni natta.
It has been decided that the railway operation will be abolished.
Kono basu rosen wa riyou-sha ga sukunai tame, raigetsu haishi saremasu.
This bus line will be discontinued next month due to a lack of users.
to publish, to issue
Kare wa jibun no shousetsu o shuppansuru tame ni doryoku shite iru
He is making efforts to publish his novel.
Atarashii zasshi ga raigetsu shuppansareru yotei desu
The new magazine is scheduled to be published next month.
to agree with, to be in unison
Iken ga icchi suru koto wa metta ni nai.
It is rare for opinions to agree.
Karera wa mokuhyou ni mukatte icchi danketsu suru hitsuyou ga aru.
They need to unite and work together toward their goal.
to develop, to expand
Kono machi wa kyuusoku ni hatten shiteiru.
This town is rapidly developing.
Kagaku gijutsu ga hatten suru koto de, hitobito no seikatsu ga ōkiku kawarimashita.
People's lives have changed significantly through the development of science and technology.
to reserve, to book
Ryokou no chiketto o yoyaku suru no wa hayame ni shita hou ga ii desu
It's better to reserve your travel tickets early.
Ninki no resutoran wa, itsumo konde iru node yoyaku suru koto o osusume shimasu
I recommend making a reservation at popular restaurants as they are always crowded.
to drive, to manage (money)
Kare wa mainichi kaisha made kuruma de unten shiteimasu
He drives his car to the office every day.
Unten suru mae ni, shi-to beruto o shimeru no o wasurenai de kudasai
Don't forget to fasten your seatbelt before driving.
to reform, to improve
Seiji o kaikaku suru tame ni atarashii seisaku ga dounyu sareta
New policies were introduced to reform politics.
Kyouiku seido o kaikaku suru koto ga motomerarete imasu
It is demanded to reform the educational system.
Yūbimono o haitatsu suru tame ni, yūbinkyokuin ga mainichi hataraiteimasu
Postal workers work every day to deliver mail.
Kare wa maishū, shinbun o ie ni haitatsu shite kuremasu
He delivers the newspaper to my house every week.
to pass, total elapse, to expire
Jikan ga keikasuru ni tsurete, kare no shinpai ga dandan kaishou sareta.
As time passed, his worries gradually disappeared.
Sono mondai wa kaiketsu ni mukete keikasuruma rebanaranai.
The issue must progress towards a resolution.
to propose, to suggest
Atarashii purojekuto ni tsuite teian suru koto ga kimarimashita.
It has been decided to propose a new project.
Joushi ni taishite kaizen saku o teian suru yuuki ga hitsuyou desu.
We need courage to suggest improvements to our superiors.
to waste (money or time), to throw away
Jikan o rouhi suru no wa yamemashou
Let's stop wasting time.
Denki o rouhi suru to kankyou ni aku eikyou o ataemasu
Wasting electricity has a negative impact on the environment.
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