Decoded Slug: ~와/과 [wa/gwa] (And, with)

Korean Grammar Point
~와/과 [wa/gwa] (And, with)

~와/과 [wa/gwa] (And, with)

Short explanation:

Used to express 'and' or 'with' in a list or connection between two or more nouns.


Noun(ending with a vowel) + 와 / Noun(ending with a consonant) + 과


오늘 아침에는 밥과 김치와 갈비를 먹었어요.
Oneul achimeneun bapgwa gimchiwa galbireul meogeosseoyo.
This morning I ate rice, kimchi, and ribs.
나는 내 친구와 영화관에 갔어요.
Naneun nae chinguwa yeonghwagwane gass-eoyo.
I went to the cinema with my friend.
운동화와 청바지와 티셔츠를 사러 가고 싶어요.
Undonghwawa cheongbajiwa tisyeocheureul sal-eo gago sip-eoyo.
I want to go buy sneakers, jeans, and a t-shirt.
이번 주말에 나는 가족과 함께 행복한 시간을 보냈어요.
Ibeon jumal-e naneun gajog-gwa hamkke haengbokhan sigan-eul bonaess-eoyo.
I spent a happy time with my family this weekend.

Long explanation:

'~와/과 [wa/gwa]' is a connective particle in Korean that links two or more nouns together. It is equivalent to the English conjunction 'and' or preposition 'with'. It is used when you need to link nouns in a list or show a connection between them. The choice between '와' or '과' is determined by the final character of the preceding noun. If the noun ends with a vowel, use '와', if it ends with a consonant, use '과'.

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