Decoded Slug: ~지 않다/지 못하다 [ji anhda/ji mothada] (Not, don't, can't)

Korean Grammar Point
~지 않다/지 못하다 [ji anhda/ji mothada] (Not, don't, can't)

~지 않다/지 못하다 [ji anhda/ji mothada] (Not, don't, can't)

Short explanation:

Used to express negation or inability; 'not', 'don't', 'can't'.


Verb Stem + 지 않다/지 못하다


우리는 그 레스토랑에서 마음에 드는 음식을 찾지 못했어요, 그래서 다른 레스토랑을 찾아보기로 했어요.
Urineun geu reseutorangeseo maeume deuneun eumsigeul chatji mothaseoyo, geuraeseo dareun reseutorangeul chatabogiro haesseoyo.
We couldn't find food we liked in that restaurant, so we decided to look for another restaurant.
그 학생은 그 문제를 이해하지 않아서 선생님에게 또 질문했어요.
Geu haksaengeun geu munjeleul ihaehaji anhaseo seonsaengnimege tto jilmunhaesseoyo.
That student did not understand the problem, so they asked the teacher again.
오늘 밤에 늦게 집에 돌아오지 않을거에요, 왜냐하면 아직 해야 할 일이 있기 때문이에요.
Oneul bame neutge jibe doraoji anheulgeoeyo, waenamyon ajig haeya hal iri issgi ttaemunieyo.
I won't come home late tonight because I still have things to do.
영화도 보지 못하고, 책도 읽지 못했어요. 너무 바빴어요.
Yeonghwado boji mothago, chaekdo ilgji mothasseoyo. Neomu bappasseoyo.
I couldn't watch a movie or read a book. I was too busy.

Long explanation:

'~지 않다 [ji anhda]' and '~지 못하다 [ji mothada]' are verb endings in Korean used to express negation and inability respectively. The first one, '~지 않다', is equivalent to 'not' or 'don't' in English, while the second one, '~지 못하다', corresponds to 'can't' or 'unable to'. These forms are often used to express the speaker's inability to perform an action or refusal to do something.

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