Decoded Slug: ~하였다 [hayeotda] (Past formal)

Korean Grammar Point
~하였다 [hayeotda] (Past formal)

~하였다 [hayeotda] (Past formal)

Short explanation:

~하였다 [hayeotda] refers to the past tense in the formal style in Korean language. This can be used when addressing superiors, elders or in formal situations.


(Action or Descriptive verb stem) + 하였다


나는 어제 라면을 만들어먹으러 집에 돌아왔다가 아줌마가 손님들을 위해 음식을 만들었다고 했어서 도움을 하였습니다.
Naneun eoje ramyeon'ul mandeureomeog'eo jibe dol'awatdaga ajumma'ga sonnimdeul'ul wihae eumsig'ul mandeul'eotdago haess'eo'seo doum'ul hayeotsseubnida.
Yesterday, when I returned home to make ramyeon, the ajumma said she was cooking for the guests, so I helped her.
그는 한국어를 배우기 시작했을 때 아무것도 몰랐지만, 이제는 토픽 시험을 준비하였습니다.
Geu'neun hanguk'eoreul baeugi shijakhaesseul ttae amugeotdo mollatjiman, ijeneun TOPIK siheom'ul junbi'ha'yeotseubnida.
When he started learning Korean, he didn't know anything, but now he has prepared for the TOPIK exam.
학생들이 과제를 준비하지 않을 것이라는 기대였지만 모든 학생들은 진지하게 과제를 준비하였습니다.
Haksaengdeul'i gwajereul junbij'anh'eul geo'siran gidaeyeotjiman modeun haksaengdeur'eun jinjis'hage gwajereul junbihayeotseubnida.
We expected the students would not prepare their homework, but all the students seriously prepared their assignments.
우리 팀은 이번 프로젝트를 위해 힘들게 노력하였고, 성공적으로 완료하였습니다.
Uri tim'eun ibeon peurojegteu'ul wihae himdeul'ge noryeokha'yeotgo, seonggongjeog'eo wanch'ori'ha'yeotseubnida.
Our team worked hard for this project, and we successfully completed it.

Long explanation:

~하였다 [hayeotda] is a past tense marker used in formal or polite sentences in Korean. This is commonly used with action verbs or descriptive verbs to indicate a finished or past state. The level of formality can make the sentence sound polite or show respect when communicating with someone who is older or has a higher status.

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